Students who demonstrate understanding can: 1. Use evidence to construct an explanation relating the speed of an object to the energy of that object. 2. Make observations to provide evidence that energy can be transferred from place to place by sound, light, heat, and electric currents. 3. Ask questions and predict outcomes about the changes in energy that occur when objects collide. 4. Apply scientific ideas to design, test, and refine a device that converts energy from one form to another.
4-PS4 Waves and their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer Students who demonstrate understanding can: 1. Develop a model of waves to describe patterns in terms of amplitude and wavelength and that waves can cause objects to move. 2. Develop a model to describe that light reflecting from objects and entering the eye allows objects to be seen.
3. Generate and compare multiple solutions that use patterns to transfer information.
4-LS1 From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes
Students who demonstrate understanding can: 1. Construct an argument that plants and animals have internal and external structures that function to support survival, growth, behavior, and reproduction. 2. Use a model to describe that animals receive different types of information through their senses, process the information in their brain, and respond to the information in different ways.
4-ESS1 Earth’s Place in the Universe
Students who demonstrate understanding can: 1. Identify evidence from patterns in rock formations and fossils in rock layers to support an explanation for changes in a landscape over time.
4-ESS2 Earth’s Systems
Students who demonstrate understanding can: 1. Make observations and/or measurements to provide evidence of the effects of weathering or the rate of erosion by water, ice, wind, or vegetation. 2. Analyze and interpret data from maps to describe patterns of Earth’s features.
4-ESS3 Earth and Human Activity
Students who demonstrate understanding can: 1. Obtain and combine information to describe
that energy and fuels are derived from natural resources and their uses affect the environment.
2. Generate and compare multiple solutions to reduce the impacts of natural Earth processes on humans.
4-ETS1 Engineering Design
Students who demonstrate understanding can: 1. Define a simple design problem reflecting a need or a want that includes specified criteria for success and constraints on materials, time, or cost. 2. Generate and compare multiple possible solutions to a problem based on how well each is likely to meet the criteria and constraints of the problem. 3. Plan and carry out fair tests in which variables are controlled and failure points are considered to identify aspects of a model or prototype that can be improved.